A Roadmap To Reduce Plastic Pollution

The TA consists of (1) Baseline study; (2) Advise on EPR policy development and implementation; and; (3) Idea Incubator and Behavioral change.

 

Baseline study is underway

The World Bank is funding the baseline study. The primary objective of this task is to build an integrated solid waste management system for marine plastic waste reduction as well as circular economy model for plastic in Bangladesh, using robust field sampling and stakeholder analysis. The framework would draw upon multi-sectoral expertise to integrate environmental, social and economic perspectives to provide guidance in the development of a roadmap/action plan for sustainable plastic management plan.

Extended Producer Responsibility

Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is a concept widely adopted in recycling and waste management policies in OCED countries in which financial and/or physical responsibilities of collection, treatment and recycling for specific end-of-life products are put on producers and so up-stream environmental management (e.g. DfE: redesign to reduce material consumption & env. impacts at source) will be promoted. However, in some applications, EPR is discussed as a scheme to promote separate collection as well as formalizing recycling industries. Since the infrastructure of developing Asia is largely informal, an improvement of waste collection infrastructure by utilizing the existing system is key consideration. The following phased approach is recommended to be considered as a direction toward a development and implementation of EPR policy targeting plastic waste.

Phased-approach of EPR policy in Bangladesh

01

Pilot project

  • • Voluntary tack back & recycling based on financial contribution by selected manufacturers & brand-owners
  • • Collection & recycling would be led by a private sector
  • • Monitoring and verify the performance

02

Pilot Institutionalization of EPR policy

  • • Forming a PRO types of plastic materials/policy targets will be set
  • • Specific fee structure (e.g. fee charged to manufacturers, producers and refund/subsidy provided to collectors/recyclers)
  • • Data reporting sheet

03

Full-implementation of EPR policy

  • • Legislation of EPR policy and setting a material taxes
  • • Collaborating with local governments & private sector for collection, sorting and recycling
  • • Electronic reporting system
  • • Green public procurement & standard for recycled materials